The 5 Best Betta Fish Foods You Need to Try
All betta fishes are not created equal. Some betta fish are born with a flat stomach like a miniature shark. Others are picky eaters and will eat anything you give them. If you have the latter type, this refusal to eat can be quite stressful. Fortunately, there are many high quality, high protein foods you can try feeding them to whet their appetites.
#1 Frozen Bloodworms
Given that betta fish eat small insects, crustaceans, and other meaty foods in the wild, frozen bloodworms (the bright red larva of midge flies) are one of the best foods you can provide them. Sold at most local pet stores, they typically come in a package of foil-sealed individual cubes or a frozen slab that you can break off pieces from. Hikari is our favorite brand in the United States. Their bloodworms are high quality and produce clean results.
Typically, one betta fish cannot finish an entire cube in one sitting, so you may need to thaw out the cube in a container and feed a few bloodworms using a pipette or tweezers. While most betta fish will be content with a diet that only contains bloodworms, they also need other nutrients. Rotate between at least two to three different foods to make sure they get all the necessary vitamins and nutrients to live a long and healthy life.
Live foods are considered the cream of the crop when it comes to the betta fish food options because they most closely resemble their actual diet in nature. We recommend live blackworms because as a true freshwater species, they can live for quite a while in your aquarium without fouling the water. They like to burrow into the substrate, which provides hours of enrichment for your betta fish as he hunts them down one by one.
This disadvantage of live blackworms is that they are not always available at local fish stores and they have the possibility of bringing in parasites. We still recommend them because they are so nutritious and mentally stimulating for bettas. Just make sure to get the blackworms from a reputable fish store that keeps them refrigerated in clean, odorless water.
#3 Betta Pellets
While pellets may not be the most natural-looking choice, they combine the most important nutrients a betta fish needs into a bite-sized package. Betta food pellets are nice because they don’t tend to dissolve quickly in the water and they generally float at the surface (which is preferred since bettas have upturned mouths and are used to eating from the water surface).
Xtreme Betta Pellets
Xtreme Betta pellets are a great choice. They contain high-quality proteins such as krill and come with a scoop so you don’t overfeed. The small containers can also be used to keep one betta fish. You don’t want a large jar of fish food that you can use for many years. The expiration date might still be valid, but the food will become old and stale through repeated exposure to moisture or oxygen. This can lead to potential health problems in your betta fish.
Freeze drying is a method of preserving food in a lightweight, dry form factor while retaining as much of the original nutrients and taste as possible. We love brine shrimp and freeze-dried bloodworms as an alternative to frozen food. They don’t need to be frozen and float in the water. They are easy to portion for the right amount of food and can be removed from the tank easily if they don’t finish all.
Hikari Freeze Dried Bloodworms
Fluval Bug Bite Betta Formula is another type of betta food. It is made primarily from black soldier fly larvae. This helps to closely mimic a betta fish eating an insectivore diet. It contains high amounts of quality protein, as well as other essential vitamins and minerals to boost your betta’s health. This slow sinking granule is not something that some bettas will want to eat, but it’s something they will happily finish if you have tank mates such as corydoras and tetras.
Fluval Bug Bites – Betta Formula
In our experience, most bettas are not too picky and, if kept in a community tank with other fish, may even choose to snack on other foods you feed the aquarium. These top five foods are sure to please betta fish.